Auditing Using Db Extended
Using SQL Server's auditing features, you can fine-tune your auditing to target sensitive columns and rows. By setting Boolean conditions, you can audit data in specific rows or columns. This way, you can protect sensitive data, pinpoint important data, and more. Creating multiple purge jobs for different types of auditing allows you to fine-tune your auditing behavior. Here are some tips:
Creating multiple purge jobs for different audit trail types
There are many options for purging database audit trails. You can either use a unified or traditional audit trail. DBMS_AUDIT_MGMT is a PL/SQL package that can schedule automatic purge jobs, perform manual purges, and perform other audit trail operations. If you are interested in automating purge jobs, read this article for more information.
You can create multiple purge jobs for different types of audit trails using Db Extended. You can schedule a purge job to clean up audit trails in different containers. To do so, you can use the CREATE_PURGE_JOB procedure. You can also specify the location of the purge job. In Oracle, use the CONTAINER_ALL parameter to specify where the purge job will be located. Specifying a container will prevent the purge job from being scheduled for a certain time, but will prevent it from taking place for a specified period.
The DBA_AUDIT_MGMT_LAST_ARCH_TS property is the last archive timestamp for a unified audit trail. If the audit trail contains records that are older than this timestamp, then those records are purged. To create a purge job for an audit trail, use the DBMS_AUDIT_MGMT.CLEAN_TRAIL_JOB_NAME data dictionary view.
Oracle Database periodically archives and deletes audit trail records. You can purge a subset of audit trail records or all of them. You can also purge records in read-write databases. It is important to remember that audit trail records will be archived if you use a read-only database. And if you're interested in auditing network performance, you should make use of the DBA_AUDIT_MGMT_CONFIG_PARAMS view to see current settings.
The first step in creating multiple purge jobs for different audit trail types is to create a connection to an appropriate PDB. The DBA_PDBS data dictionary view will list all PDBs available. You can also check the name of your current PDB using the show con_name command. After that, create a purge job for each audit trail type using Db Extended.
The database audit trail record contains different types of information, depending on the events and options you choose. The table names for these columns are given in parentheses. The audit trail in the operating system contains columns with Yes. Creating multiple purge jobs for different audit trail types using Db Extended is easy. When it comes to auditing a database, you can use DBMS_AUDIT_MGMT.SET_AUDIT_TRAIL_PROPERTY to set a specific property.
Setting auditing options
For the best performance, set the following options when using Db Extended:
The first step in configuring auditing options is to define the AUDIT statement. The AUDIT statement specifies the object types that can be audited. The following list includes the options that are valid in this edition of Oracle Database. The AUDIT statement must be executed with the AUDIT ANY system privilege. It is not possible to set the default auditing option for another user schema. Object auditing can be enabled for a database that supports this feature.
The DB+EXTENDED setting captures sensitive data in the database. In addition, it allows users to set up custom triggers and stored procedures to implement an auditing scheme. The resulting SQL statements can be audited to a finer level. For example, if the SELECT audit option is enabled for the base table departments, then the query on employees_departments generates two audit records.
Another way to configure auditing when using Db Extended is to use the OS setting. Using the OS setting can be advantageous if you want to secure the database even more. The operating system audit trail also saves the top-level operations. If you need to audit the entire database, you can also set this option to control the size of the audit trail. The OS setting is best for ultra-secure configurations.
In addition to the AUDIT_TRAIL parameter, you can also set AUDIT_SYS_OPERATIONS and AUDIT_TRAIL. The AUDIT_TRAIL parameter specifies the location of the operating system directory for the audited information. The AUDIT_SYS_OPERATIONS parameter specifies which user will be audited by the OS. You can change this setting with the command ALTER SYSTEM SET AUDIT_FILE_DEST.
Using the auditing feature makes it easier to manage and implement the database. The audit information is recorded centrally and automatically. This makes it less error-prone when declaring auditing options. Additionally, it allows you to audit changes made to existing auditing options. Once the auditing option is configured, records are automatically generated for every statement, trigger, and table. The information is then stored in the operating system audit files and data dictionary.
Setting auditing options when using Db Extended is relatively simple. There are a few methods you can use to configure the database's auditing options. The AUDIT statement sets the options for privilege, object, and statement auditing. However, you should remember that it requires AUDIT SYSTEM and AUDIT ANY privileges to enable this option. This parameter can also be used to limit the scope of the auditing options.
When setting auditing options when using Db Extended, you can specify which database will generate the audit records. The database will create a record for each session, object, or SQL statement that occurs. It also ignores repeated statements within a session. Oracle will also encode all data in order to avoid creating duplicate records. There are two special cases that you should keep in mind when setting auditing options when using Db Extended.
Business Associates (BAs) serving smaller physician practices are increasingly worried about the HIPAA regulations and their downstream vendors' inability to meet them. However, these concerns are based more on the lack of technical safeguards than the risk of noncompliance. Even if a BAA is executed out of necessity rather than fear, the BA must ensure it is up to date and understands the requirements under the Privacy and Security Rules.
However, Business Associates should ensure that they are trained on HIPAA compliance and understand their obligations under federal health privacy laws. This is especially true if they are performing functions involving PHI. However, most BAs do not want to de-identify PHI, even if it is legal. It may also be difficult to negotiate with a BA who does not understand their responsibilities under HIPAA. Therefore, it is important that Business Associates meet the standards of HIPAA when they use Db Extended.
BAAs are important documents for business associates because they are critical to the protection of PHI. The requirements of these agreements vary depending on how many patients they affect. For example, large-scale business associations with more than 500 patients must report breaches to the HHS OCR within sixty days of discovery. These breaches are publically displayed on the OCR breach portal. For smaller businesses, however, the breach notification requirements vary.
Covered entities must adopt and maintain written privacy procedures, including a designated privacy officer. These policies must include references to management oversight and organizational buy-in. Employee passwords must be at least eight characters long, contain upper and lower-case digits, and contain punctuation. Employee passwords should not contain dictionary words, names, or slang. Further, they must show that their employees have an ongoing training program to ensure compliance with the regulations.
During training of Business Associates, many Covered Entities expressed concerns about liability. A key concern was that a Business Associate might not be able to meet the requirements under the HIPAA regulations if a data breach occurred. However, Db Extended can help mitigate this risk. In addition to preventing breaches, Db Extended can help a Business Associate manage the risks of data breaches and ensure that the organization is compliant.
As healthcare organizations move toward digitization, they are facing new challenges related to the HIPAA regulations. HIPAA regulations dictate the proper manner for collecting and handling patient information. With millions of patient records stored on various devices and applications, modern healthcare organizations must manage these enormous data streams. By utilizing Db Extended, healthcare organizations can ensure compliance with HIPAA regulations and improve operational efficiency. Aside from HIPAA compliance, Db Extended can also help healthcare organizations avoid the risks associated with handling millions of patient records.
A company must ensure that the portable devices carrying EPHI are used only by registered individuals or by Covered Department employees. The data must also be password protected. UWM has developed guidelines on password management. This includes information about password strength, how to manage security, and encryption of EPHI. All network devices should be configured by UITS personnel. The security guidelines for HIPAA-compliant networks and devices can help organizations manage them.